A movie ” Raise the Red Lantern”, a TV series “Qiao’s Grand Courtyard”, moved our sights into the deep and magnificent Shanxi compound. The Shanxi Grand Courtyard is a model of Chinese civil dwelling architecture. There has the saying that goes: “the northern building is in Shanxi and the south is in Anhui”.
Qiao’s Courtyard Houses
Qiao Family Courtyard was the earliest repair and opening of a Shanxi merchant compound. There even spread a sentence: “The royal palace should look at the Forbidden City, and the residential house should look at the Qiao’s Courtyard Houses.”
The entire Qiao’s Courtyard houses looks like the Chinese word “囍”, with 6 large courtyards, 20 small courtyards and 313 houses, covering an area of 4,175 square meters.
Qu’s Courtyard Houses
The Qu’s Courtyard Houses was built in the Qianlong Period of Qing Dynasty and has a history of nearly 300 years. This Shanxi Compound has 8 large courtyards, 19 small courtyards and more than 240 houses. The entire courtyard is magnificent and solemn, majestic.
Wang’s Courtyard Houses
The Wang’s Courtyard Houses has the reputation of “the first residential houses in China, the “Chinese Folk Imperial Palace” and “the Forbidden City of Shanxi”. It took more than 300 years to build and has a total area of 250,000 square meters. This Shanxi compound has 35 courtyards and 342 houses. The overall shape looks like athe Chinese word “王” shape. At the same time, the shape of the dragon is implied.
Cao’s Courtyard Houses
The Cao’s Courtyard Houses covers an area of 10,600 square meters, and the overall layout looks like the Chinese word “寿” . The style of the house is antique, unique in structure and majestic.
Kong Xiangxi’s Former Residence
Kong Xiangxi’s Former Residence was built in the Qianlong to Xianfeng Period of Qing Daynasty. It is the largest and most preserved building in Taigu City with a mid-Qing Dynasty architectural style.
Chang Family Compound
Chang Family Compound has been repaired many times, covering an area of 600,000 square meters, with more than 4,000 houses, 50 buildings and 13 small gardens. It is the largest Shanxi merchant compound and the largest manor-style building complex in China. It is known as the “aristocratic Confucian merchant family”.
Li’s Courtyard Houses
The Li’s Courtyard Houses was built in the Daoguang period of the Qing Dynasty. The whole building is a collection of emblem-style architectural style and “gothic” architecture. It is a Shanxi merchants’ compound with a blend of north and south architectural style and Chinese and Western architectural style.
Shen’s Courtyard Houses
Shen’s Courtyard Houses is a traditional residential building with the Ming Dynasty architectural style. It fully demonstrates the exquisite craftsmanship and perfect artistic style of ancient Chinese craftsmen and has a high historical, scientific and artistic value. It is not only a valuable material for studying merchants and residential houses in southeastern Shanxi, but also an excellent physical file for filling the study of merchant culture.
Lv’s Courtyard Houses
The Lv’s Courtyard Houses was built in the late Qing Dynasty by the Empress Dowager Cixi. It took 13 years to build and covers more than 40 acres with more than 150 houses. The courtyard combines the architectural styles of Yunnan, Henan and Tianjin. It is one of the most 11 representative large courtyards in Shanxi.
Shi’s Courtyard Houses
Shi’s Courtyard Houses was built in the Qianlong period of Qing Dynasty. After more than 80 years of expansion, it has formed a family-owned building with an area of more than 100,000 square meters. It enjoys the reputation of “the first village in the world” in the Qing Dynasty.
Some people say, “The underground civilization of the past three thousand years should look at Shaanxi, and the three thousand years of civilization on the ground should see Shanxi”. The Shanxi merchant culture has influenced several generations of Shanxi, and these Shanxi courtyards are the vivid epitome of the culture of Shanxi merchants.